冬天皮肤瘙痒怎么办?

(2009-06-24 10:25:13)
标签: 冬天 皮肤 瘙痒

  冬天到了,一些人皮肤变得发干、发痒,有的人忍不住用手挠,造成皮肤破损,甚至感染。

  什么造成皮肤瘙痒:

  现代医学认为,由于营养不均衡,维生素缺乏,皮脂腺、汗腺分泌不足,皮下脂肪及皮肤含水量减少,防范外界不良刺激的能力也下降,通常是引起皮肤发痒的原因。

  皮肤瘙痒与食物关系密切,多吃了鱼、虾、动物内脏、荤腥、辛辣等食物,吸烟或饮酒过多,也易使人皮肤瘙痒。

  除了物理因素,许多皮肤病都和精神紧张、忧虑,心理有压力,心情抑郁或烦燥有关。例如,两年前的春节前夕,我随单位同事去泰国旅游一周。先生担心我,再加上家中室内空气干燥他又没吃水果,于是腿部皮肤瘙痒得厉害,夜里不自觉地用手去抓,连皮都抓破了,上了不少药,一直等到我回来他的皮肤瘙痒才好。

  另外,一些内脏疾病也常引起全身皮肤发痒,如糖尿病、内分泌障碍、肾炎等。不过,单纯皮肤瘙痒症发生的很多,和上述疾病相关的很少。

  中医认为,许多人气虚,则卫气不固,血虚则可生风,气血两虚则肌肤失于濡养,营卫二气有失,就易受风寒、风热的侵扰,造成人皮肤痛痒。中医认为,“风盛则痒”,古代医书《金匮要略》说,“邪气中经,则身痒而瘾疹”,“邪气”分内邪和外邪,或内风、外风,即体内形成的邪气和来自外部的邪风。

  中医学还认为,肺脾虚损,饮食不节,湿热内生,易使人皮肤痛痒。

  中医学也认为,情志能影响皮肤,劳伤心神、情志郁闷、血热生风等会加重皮肤瘙痒。

  皮肤瘙痒怎样防治:

  饮食上,注意饮食清淡,要多吃蔬菜水果,摄取足够的维生素,并保持大便通畅。对烧烤煎炸类食品,以不吃为好。

  环境上,注意室内环境适宜,保温保湿。暖气不要太热,也不要太低,过凉过热,过湿润或干燥都不好。如果过于干燥,应使用加湿器。

  局部皮肤涂擦和外洗有解痒作用,炉甘石洗剂,白醋与甘油以1∶3的配比混合,浓煎丝瓜瓤等都有一定局部止痒功能,百部、地肤子、雄黄、野菊花等煮水外洗也具有止痒效果。

  我们也可以在中医指导下,同时服些疏散风邪的药,标本、内外兼治。

  温馨提示:

  不到必要时,尽量不用抗过敏药或类固醇药物,如皮炎平、肤轻松等含有可的松或类似的激素。以免对身体造成损害

  心平气和,调顺七情是精神调理的内容,不可抑郁和急躁。心情不好时,多和亲友聊聊天,多听听音乐,多想些开心的事。晚上睡眠要充足,睡前可洗个热水澡。周末也逛逛公园,爬爬山。

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